Just like every part of our body, our eyes undergo ageing processes that impact our vision. However, by actively prioritising and taking steps to care for them, we can maintain optimal visual health and minimise age-related conditions. In this article, Dr Rupal Morjaria explores the essential steps to ensure your eyes remain healthy.
Schedule Regular Eye Examinations:
Regular eye examinations are an essential aspect of eye care, especially as we age. These comprehensive exams conducted by eye care professionals detect any potential issues or changes in your vision. They can identify common age-related eye conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. Early detection of these increases the chances of successful treatment and management. It is advisable to schedule eye examinations every one to two years, or as recommended by your eye care specialist.
Protect Your Eyes from Harmful UV Rays:
Prolonged and unprotected exposure to UV radiation can increase the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. Invest in high-quality sunglasses that offer 100% UV protection. Look for ones that block both UVA and UVB rays and provide sufficient coverage for your eyes and the surrounding areas. Combine your sunglasses with a wide-brimmed hat for added protection from direct sunlight.
Maintain a Healthy Diet:
A well-balanced diet rich in eye-healthy nutrients plays a crucial role in maintaining good eye health. Consider incorporating the following nutrients:
1. Omega-3 fatty acids: Found in fish (such as salmon and tuna), flaxseed, chia seeds and walnuts, these help prevent dry eyes and reduce the risk of macular degeneration.
2. Vitamins C and E: Citrus fruits, strawberries, nuts, and leafy green vegetables are excellent sources of antioxidants vitamins C and E and help protect against damage caused by free radicals.
3. Lutein and zeaxanthin: Dark green leafy vegetables, like spinach and kale, contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which are essential for maintaining good eye health.
Practice Proper Eye Hygiene:
Maintaining good hygiene is crucial for preventing infections and promoting overall eye health. Follow these simple yet effective practices:
1. Avoid rubbing your eyes: This can introduce bacteria and irritants, potentially leading to infections or corneal damage.
2. Practice regular handwashing: Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your eyes or applying any drops or ointments.
3. Remove eye makeup properly: Make sure to remove all eye makeup gently before going to bed to prevent potential eye irritations or infections.
Take Regular Breaks and Practice Eye Exercises:
In today's digital age, we spend significant time in front of screens, which can strain our eyes. To alleviate this, try the 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break to focus on an object approximately 20 feet away. This exercise helps reduce eye fatigue and eye strain caused by prolonged screen time. And remember to blink often when using digital devices to keep your eyes moist and prevent dryness.
Our eyes play a fundamental role in our everyday lives, allowing us to experience and navigate the world around us. Remember, caring for your eyes is an investment in a lifetime of clear vision.